Brandi (post)- Over the years, the corrections system has evolved. Laws now make it possible for certain offenders to complete their sentences in their communities. Probation is one example of a non-residential option. With the mission of probation being to protect the public interest and safety by reducing the incidence and impact of crime, it has the potential to have a positive impact on recidivism rates. (Alarid, 2017) Drug offenders oftentimes also have the ability to participate in non-residential programs. Those newly arrested are offered an opportunity to have their cases put on hold while they attend drug treatment, and upon successful completion charges are dismissed or lowered. Diversion-model drug courts have shown to be effective for reducing recidivism (Belenko et al., 2013)
A growing body of evidence suggests that increased supervision is a key driver of increased recidivism. (Doleac, 2018) Jails, or residential facilities, supervise offenders 100% of the time. There is an unprecedented increase in the number of those incarcerated in the United States during recent decades. (Lipsey & Cullen, 2007) When attempting to find the approach that works in reducing recidivism, it is difficult to pinpoint a truly successful strategy. Nothing may work to overcome or reduce an offender’s tendency to continue to commit crime. (Martinson, 1974)
Hebrews 12:11, No discipline is enjoyable while it is happening—it’s painful! But afterward there will be a peaceful harvest of right living for those who are trained in this way. (2018)
Alarid, L. F. (2015). How Probation Developed. In Community-based corrections (12th ed., p. 29). essay, Cengage Learning.
Belenko, S., Hiller, M., & Hamilton, L. (2013). Treating substance use disorders in the criminal justice system. Current psychiatry reports, 15(11), 414. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-013-0414-z
Bible Society New Zealand. (2018). Nlt bible: New living translation.
Doleac, J. L. (2018). Strategies to productively reincorporate the formerly-incarcerated into communities: A review of the literature. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3209743
Lipsey, Mark & Cullen, Francis. (2007). The Effectiveness of Correctional Rehabilitation: A Review of Systematic Reviews. Annual Review of Law and Social Science. 3. 10.1146/annurev.lawsocsci.3.081806.112833.
Martinson, R. (1974, Spring). What Works?-Questions and Answers About Prison Reform. The Public Interest, 35, 22. https://go.openathens.net/redirector/liberty.edu?u…
Diandra (post)- Residential options is a better way to go when prisoners feel they may need a little guidance along the way. With this type of program they are housed in halfway home with others that they could learn from. Halfway houses are all different from state to state and some have pretty good program that allow them to go through phase programs, work release, and even time to spend with love one while still having to report and tested. Watching this weeks video, “Alternatives to corrections: more than just a jail” it explained a lot on how they take our hard earn money to house criminals and not do a detail evaluation to see if those who house just sick and need their meds. Recidivism rate for residential reported was about 13% had committed a new crime which was returned to prison and 37% had completed the program and stayed out of trouble. Halfway houses are residential facilities for probationers and paroles who require a more structured setting than would be available from living independently (Alarid, 2019, pg. 194). Non-residential options are when they are on house arrest and/or wearing a leg monitor. These individuals have the privilege to stay in their own homes but still have to report and get tested for drugs and alcohol. House arrest is an intermediate sanction designed to confine pretrial detainees or convicted offenders to their homes during the hours when they are not at work, attending a treatment program, or visiting a supervising officer (Alarid, 2019, pg. 216). There have been many that have escaped from their monitoring devices and are caught later because they would see that there was no movement or not reporting when told. In a Biblical world can correlate with both by allowing those who want to do right get a chance to show they could change. These individuals need a chance for someone to work with them to see if they are willing to make that change and have another way in life.
Alarid, L. (2019). Community-Based Corrections (12th ed.) [Review of Community-Based Corrections]. Cengage Learning, INC. (Original work published 2017).
Directions: You must then post at least 1 reply of at least 150 words. For each thread, you must support your assertions with at least 6 scholarly citations in APA format. Each reply must incorporate at least 4 scholarly citation(s) in APA format. Any sources cited must have been published within the last five years. Acceptable sources include the textbook, federal research studies, the Bible, peer reviewed journals (can be found in the Falwell library and Google Scholar) etc.