Categories
Civil Engineering

8.who sets minimum standards for occupational safety and health in construction ?

Chapter-9
1.Which party to a construction contract normally has primary responsibility for construction safety unless otherwise covered under the contract: the owner, the engineer/architect,or the contractor?
2.What are three hazard classifications discussed in the text?
3.The recommended procedure to deal with an unshared trench hazard is initially to:
a.Stop the work
b.Order the workers out of trench
c.Call OSHA
d.Do nothing(it is the contractor’s problem)
4.Does the resident project Representative have a duty to document accidents by the contractor or its personnel?If so, what kind of documentation should be used?
5.Many contracts require the engineer/architect to review the contractor’s safety program and to monitor the contractor’s safety performance.Discuss the merits and demerits of that approach.
6.Federal and state contracts generally require their agencies to take part in the project safety program and accepts a portion of the responsibility for project safety.What are the risks, benefits and obligations of the owner under this arrangement?
7.On a professional construction management contract, can the contract manager be cited by OSHA for safety violations or is the contractor the only one that can be cited by OSHA?
8.Who sets minimum standards for occupational safety and health in construction ?
9.If safety requirements are not specified in the contracts the contractor relieved of its safety obligations on the contract?
10.If not contractually obligated to accept safety responsibility, can the resident project Representative or inspector still be at risk?
chapter-10
1.List at least five important types of in-house meetings occurring prior to the construction phase.
2.List at least five important types of meetings held during the construction phase of a project.
3.Should any of the parties bring an attorney to a construction meeting?If one does, what should the other party do?
4.What are the five types of information that you should determine prior to attending a meeting?
5.Is there any advantage to be obtained by choosing a seating position at a meeting, if the opportunity presents itself?
6.Name two recommendations for selection of good position at a conference room table.
7.Name three important principles of negotiation, with reference to your own preparation.
8.Name at least five principles that should guide you in obtaining and maintaining a tactical advantage over the opponent.
9.What is collective thinking?
10.List four guidelines for preventing collective thinking.

Categories
Civil Engineering

Only 60 % of the engineering drawings needs to be completed as the projects get to cd’s and updates will be required because you never know what may happen as you start construction phases.

Learning Goal: I’m working on a civil engineering question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
I Need someone to rewrite this assignment in a different way.
Types of Contract:
Traditional Design (Wick’s Law):
Traditional Contract is the most known in the work field, also known that the owner will pay a higher price for this type of contact but it’s less risky since all the risk is transferred to the contractor, where the owner and the contractor must be clear and detailed on work scope that needs to be done. That being said all Shop drawings, RFPs, Inspection reports, and any order changes in the project need to be done from the start; so that the general contractor be able to get all the information from the subs/trades and fabricators, in order to get a Quote and submit bid sheets in correspondence with the project estimate. so then the GC can get hand started on supplying the materials, equipment, and labor.
Design/Bid/Build – GC Structure:
Design bid build contract is more likely to be used for real estate development. It is similar to the traditional design contract such that all the drawing and engineering documentation has to be upfront before the project goes out for bid, however; design-build contact the contactor has to break down the project different from the traditional design contact where he breaks it into smaller packages for the subs and suppliers to get better quotations and proposals. With the benefits that are clear and better coordination and easier image for the owner and the owner will pay less for this type of contact. In addition, now the general Contractor tends to transfer the risk to the subcontractor. where the owner’s representative or the project manager will directly coordinate with the contractor and subcontractor.
Design-build:
Design build is a type of contract that is more likely to be used in transportation such as building bridges and tunnels or large scope of buildings like infrastructure. That’s simply because contractors hire engineers to complete the engineering documentation and provide help preparing project proposals to go out for bidding. Only 60 % of the engineering drawings needs to be completed as the projects get to CD’s and updates will be required because you never know what may happen as you start construction phases. The contractor provides all materials, labor and equipment. It is both the engineer and the contractor’s responsibility to take care of the project.
I think that the Design build contract will be the best fit to this type of project since it requires engineers to assist the project with all as-builts drawings and proposal roads drawings, surveying the area, and lastly has to be sent to the DOT for approvals.

Categories
Civil Engineering

Calculation for each specimen.

Learning Goal: I’m working on a civil engineering report and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
NOTE: Everything must be computer generated! Don’t forget units and labels!
1. Cover letter.
2. Calculate the experimental Shear Strain at each position (hint L). Show one sample
calculation for each specimen.
**Remember ( is in radians!
3. Calculate the experimental Shear Stress at each position. Show one sample
calculation for each specimen.
4. For each specimen tested, prepare a one table listing: Material, Specimen Length,
Position Length, Specimen Diameter, Applied Torque, Measured Angle of Twist,
experimental Shear Stress, and experimental Shear Strain.
5. For each specimen tested, plot (using a computer) the experimental Shear Stress (t)
(y-axis) vs. Shear Strain (y) (×-axis). Clearly indicate the shear modulus, G, on your
graphs. (Note: Plot positions one and two on the same graph, using points, use the
trendline function to determine the shear modulus. This should yield ONE trendline
for ALL data points.)
6. Choose one (1) torque (i.e. 150 in-1b) and plot the average angle of twist (y-axis)
as function of the length (varying L, x-axis) for each specimen. Specify what torque
you choose. (Graph all three specimens on same graph.)
7. Conclusion. Compare the experimental shear modulus to the theoretical shear
modulus. State percent difference/error (round to 2 decimal places) and explain the
discrepancy, if any (i.e. sources of error, etc…).

Categories
Civil Engineering

You are aware of wardrop’s relationship between time and space mean speeds, !̅

Learning Goal: I’m working on a civil engineering question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
You are aware of Wardrop’s relationship between time and space mean speeds, !̅
! = $(!̅
“). Derive
the relationship, !̅
” = )(!̅
!). The right hand side must contain terms involving time based
measurements only and it has to be a closed form solution. Credit would be given only to those
answers based on traffic flow fundamentals.

Categories
Civil Engineering

In your discussion, be sure to include the precision and bias as detailed in astm c191 section 15.

Learning Goal: I’m working on a civil engineering report and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
Compare your group result with at least two other groups in the class. In your discussion, be sure to include the precision and bias as detailed in ASTM C191 section 15.

Categories
Civil Engineering

Using a general guideline that each $100,000 of construction work requires 20 hours of time for quantity takeoff, pricing,and other steps necessary to preparing an estimate, and assuming that each person-hour of estimating equates to a $20 cost, calculate the total time and cost of estimating by all contractors involved.

Learning Goal: I’m working on a civil engineering exercise and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
EXERCISE 2.1-In an attempt to obtain what he believes to be the lowest construction cost for his project, the project owner often requires several contractors to submit competing bids, and then awards the construction contract to the low-bird firm.Each of the contractors must prepare estimates, even though most will not be awarded any work.
Contractors’ estimates of time and cost are directly or indirectly charged to a project owner; these costs might be considered “soft costs”,in that they do not directly relate to the actual performance of in-place construction work.These estimating costs are “insurance costs” charged to a project owner to cover the risk of the many uncertainties that characterize the construction process.To illustrate,let us assume that a project owner puts out a projected $1,000,000 project for bid to 10 potential general contractors and that each of these 10 summits a bid.However, none of the potential general contractors can perform all the projected construction work.Each general contractor plans to subcontract one-half of the work to specially contarctors.This subcontracted work is to be awarded through 10 separate specialty subcontracts.In other words, the project will be built by a general contractor and 10 specialty contractors.To find the lowest-cost subcontractors, each general contractor solicits, from a separate group of contractors,3 subcontractor bids for each of the 10 subcontracts.
Using a general guideline that each $100,000 of construction work requires 20 hours of time for quantity takeoff, pricing,and other steps necessary to preparing an estimate, and assuming that each person-hour of estimating equates to a $20 cost, calculate the total time and cost of estimating by all contractors involved.
EXERCISE 2.2-
Assuming these types projects: (a) residential, (b)commercial and industrial, and (c) public works and highway, evaluate each benefit of the CM process outlined in this chapter with respect to each type of project.Rate each benefit a 3 for the most favorable effect, a 2 for some favorable effect, and a 1 for little no effect.For example, you might rate the benefit of a systems approach a 3 for commercial and industrial projects, and a 1 for heavy and highway projects.

Categories
Civil Engineering

Contractors’ estimates of time and cost are directly or indirectly charged to a project owner; these costs might be considered “soft costs”,in that they do not directly relate to the actual performance of in-place construction work.these estimating costs are “insurance costs” charged to a project owner to cover the risk of the many uncertainties that characterize the construction process.to illustrate,let us assume that a project owner puts out a projected $1,000,000 project for bid to 10 potential general

Learning Goal: I’m working on a civil engineering exercise and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
EXERCISE 2.1-In an attempt to obtain what he believes to be the lowest construction cost for his project, the project owner often requires several contractors to submit competing bids, and then awards the construction contract to the low-bird firm.Each of the contractors must prepare estimates, even though most will not be awarded any work.
Contractors’ estimates of time and cost are directly or indirectly charged to a project owner; these costs might be considered “soft costs”,in that they do not directly relate to the actual performance of in-place construction work.These estimating costs are “insurance costs” charged to a project owner to cover the risk of the many uncertainties that characterize the construction process.To illustrate,let us assume that a project owner puts out a projected $1,000,000 project for bid to 10 potential general contractors and that each of these 10 summits a bid.However, none of the potential general contractors can perform all the projected construction work.Each general contractor plans to subcontract one-half of the work to specially contarctors.This subcontracted work is to be awarded through 10 separate specialty subcontracts.In other words, the project will be built by a general contractor and 10 specialty contractors.To find the lowest-cost subcontractors, each general contractor solicits, from a separate group of contractors,3 subcontractor bids for each of the 10 subcontracts.
Using a general guideline that each $100,000 of construction work requires 20 hours of time for quantity takeoff, pricing,and other steps necessary to preparing an estimate, and assuming that each person-hour of estimating equates to a $20 cost, calculate the total time and cost of estimating by all contractors involved.
EXERCISE 2.2-
Assuming these types projects: (a) residential, (b)commercial and industrial, and (c) public works and highway, evaluate each benefit of the CM process outlined in this chapter with respect to each type of project.Rate each benefit a 3 for the most favorable effect, a 2 for some favorable effect, and a 1 for little no effect.For example, you might rate the benefit of a systems approach a 3 for commercial and industrial projects, and a 1 for heavy and highway projects.

Categories
Civil Engineering

4.why are workflows processes beneficial?

Learning Goal: I’m working on a civil engineering writing question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
1.What type of information identifies an action item?
2.Define BIM.
3.Give an example of a process to demonstrate how work-flow could be used for contract administration?(give only construction related examples)
4.Why are workflows processes beneficial?
5.What is the value of having a project extranet track out-standing issue?
6.What purpose does an audit trail of documents or transactions provide?
7.What value in there in having project communications in a database as opposed to individual e-mail accounts?
8.What is the value of having project drawings associated with the extranet?
9.Why should one use an agenda planning feature for a meeting?
10.Why should one bother to create a punch list on an extranet?
11.What is the role of a gateway person in contract administration?
12.What differentiates BIM from 3D-modeling?
13.Give three examples of benefits that may be achieved by implementing BIM on a construction project.
14.What are the three principles of lean construction?
15.What are the three principal “parts” of the contract specifications document (or CSI “project manual” or “contract book” as some public agencies call the document)?
16.What are the three parts of a technical section under the CSI format?
17.Give three examples of a unenforceable phrases if used in specifications.
18.If you were working with a set of project specifications prepared in CSI format, under what division numbers would you find the following subjects?
_______________Plumbing
_______________Sheet material
_______________Fabrication
_______________Project meetings
_______________Contractor
_______________Submittals
_______________Painting
_______________Piling
_______________Roof flashing and sheet metal
_______________Butler buildings
_______________Alarm systems
19.Describe the function of the special provisions or supplemental specifications as used in a DOT project as opposed to the CSI format.
20.Under CSI format,explain the difference between the documents referred to as “General conditions” and “General requirements”.
21.Under the CSI format, the definition of contract documents does not include the Notice Inviting Bids,Instructions to Bidders,or the Bid itself.Name the principal exception on this rule, where in the term CONTRACT DOCUMENTS may include the Notice inviting bids,Instructions to Bidders,and the bid itself.
22.True or False?It is better to specify absolute dimensions than to indicate allowable tolerances in construction.
23.Which is more desirable in a specification: to require literal compliance with an absolute dimension or to specify a tolerance range for the inspector to work with?

Categories
Civil Engineering

Learning goal: i’m working on a civil engineering report and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.

Learning Goal: I’m working on a civil engineering report and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
Hi, I need some help to finish this assignment. You need to follow the instructions as explained in the PDF file.

Categories
Civil Engineering

Hi, i need some help to finish this assignment.

Learning Goal: I’m working on a civil engineering report and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
Hi, I need some help to finish this assignment. You need to follow the instructions as explained in the PDF file.