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utilized experimental or quasi-experimental methods
I discovered a paper titled “Evaluate the Effect of Education Interventions on the Prevention of Diabetic Foot Ulcers via Disease Knowledge and Self-Care Practices in Saudi Arabia.” (Mohamed & Kersha, 2018). I will analyze it briefly
Globally, diabetes mellitus is a big societal concern. Professionals find it challenging to treat diabetic foot ulcers. Six key factors impede the healing of diabetic foot ulcers: infection, glycemic management, vascular supply, smoking, and food. The goal of this research is to investigate the efficacy of educational interventions in avoiding diabetic foot ulcers by enhancing awareness of the disease and self-care habits (Mohamed & Kersha, 2018).
The researcher used a quasi-experimental technique. In 2016, the research study was done in the Internal Medicine Department and Outpatient Clinic of Umulj General Hospital. Sixty persons with diabetes mellitus participated in the study. The research was approved by both the University of Tabuk Research Ethics Committee and the Ministry of Health (Mohamed & Kersha, 2018).
Eligible patients have type 2 diabetes mellitus, fall between the ages of 18 and 60, and have had diabetes for at least five years. Excluded from the research are individuals with gastroparesis, orthostatic hypotension, hypoglycemia unawareness (autonomic neuropathy), mental illness, and hearing or visual impairments (Mohamed & Kersha, 2018).
There were two groups patients involved randomly : first group (n = 30), which got an educational program with instructions and was educated on the activities included in it; and second group (n = 30), which was the control group. The participants in the control group received normal hospital treatment (Mohamed & Kersha, 2018).
To gather the required data for the investigation, the following instruments were utilized: The study consisted of three phases: pre-study, implementation, and evaluation. The first tool was a patient assessment, the second was a nursing intervention protocol, and the third was an observational checklist for foot care (Mohamed & Kersha, 2018).
The research and control groups demonstrated that there was a substantial correlation between patients’ knowledge of diabetes-related issues, their degree of practice, and their education (Mohamed & Kersha, 2018).
After applying the created training program, patients’ knowledge, ability to do self-foot care, and degree of patient awareness increased dramatically, according to the research (Mohamed & Kersha, 2018).
Frequently, a lack of high-quality data hinders the use of quasi-experimental procedures. Any approach established after the conclusion of a program or policy will be substantially hampered by the absence of baseline data (White & Sabarwal, 2014). Due to the dependence of quasi-experimental techniques on particular hypotheses, causal conclusions formed from them are less definite than those obtained from a well-conducted randomized controlled trial (RCT). In contrast, quasi-experimental procedures are often favorably received by decision-makers provided they are conducted efficiently and presented coherently (i.e., making apparent the constraints and how they affect the results) (White & Sabarwal, 2014).
Mohamed, N., & Kersha, R. (2018). Evaluate the Effect of Education Interventions in the Prevention of Diabetic Foot Ulcers through Knowledge of the Disease and Self-Care Practices in Saudi Arabia. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 6(11), 2206–2213. https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2018.439 White, H., & Sabarwal, S. (2014). Quasi-experimental design and methods. Methodological briefs: impact evaluation, 8(2014), 1-16.